Non-Pharmacologic Pain & Stress Relief
Evidence shows that stress and pain are neurotoxins to the developing brain. When pain and stress are left untreated or undermanaged, it can cause white and gray matter changes, mal-align neural connectivity and change neural chemistry. These difficulties persist into adulthood. Pharmacological interventions are utilized but carry their own concerns for neurotoxicity to the developing brain. This lecture will address current evidence based non-pharmacological interventions that can be used to mitigate and minimize the effects of pain and stress.
1. State two care practices to minimize stress and pain in the premature infant.
2. Describe three positive caregiving opportunities to enhance state organization and promote self-calming for the premature infant.
3. Identify two evidence-based practices to perform during required painful procedures to protect the premature infant.
Total CE 1.2
NCC Code NNP 3 or 7
NCC Code NIC 1 or 7
NCC Code LRN 3 or 7
Rx = 0
*This presentation was included in the Small Baby Care Specialist® Program
Last updated: October, 2021
Mitchell, MA, CCC-SLP, CNT, CLE is a highly respected Speech Language
Pathologist specializing in the care and treatment of pediatric feeding and
swallowing, developmental care of the medically fragile infant and child, and
pediatric traumatic brain injury. Her love of teaching and helping others drives
her to create and deliver fun and empowering continuing education courses that
focus on building the participant’s clinical analysis and therapeutic effectiveness.
Expertise includes developmental care in the NICU, developmentally appropriate
feeding, pediatric feeding and swallowing analysis and treatment, enhancing
decision making and clinical analysis, breast feeding the medically fragile
infant and child, and developmental milestones supporting feeding skill
Karin serves as a lead therapist for the NICU and Feeding Teams at CHOC Children’s Hospital in Orange, CA. With a clinical practice formed by a strong theory base in NDT and SI therapies, Karin is also NOMAS trained and holds a specialty certification in VitalStim.
A dedicated leader, Karin devotes much of her time to the support and development of clinicians, serving as a mentor committed to building therapist's skills in clinical analysis and therapeutic effectiveness with medically fragile patients. She is a strong advocate for her patients and their families and speaks at local associations, community centers, local universities, and school districts to support medically fragile infants and children.
StartNon-Pharmacologic Pain & Stress Relief Handout
StartNon-Pharmacologic Pain & Stress Relief Part 1 (12:28)
StartNon-Pharmacologic Pain & Stress Relief Part 2 (27:11)
StartNon-Pharmacologic Pain & Stress Relief Part 3 (22:10)
StartNon-Pharmacologic Pain & Stress Relief Suggested Reading